general critical thinking and writing skills

general critical thinking and writing skills

Read the passages below and write an essay that addresses the following:

What is the position in each passage?
What evidence or reasons are given in support of each position?
Which position is more convincing and why?
Your essay should be formatted as follows: Word Processed; Two Pages/500 word minimum ; Double-spaced; 12 pt font.

Passage 1. Pro: Alcoholic Beverage Advertising Should Be Restricted

Alcohol-industry representatives often cite the incompleteness of the research record on alcohol advertising as proof that alcohol promotion has no impact on consumption. However, to clarify the impact of promotional efforts—efforts on which the industry spends $2 billion annually—independent researchers have begun to frame questions and pursue studies on the relationship between alcohol advertising and behavior and health. Although more research is needed, there is strong scientific evidence that the effects of alcohol advertising, like the effects of tobacco advertising, are not limited to brand selection by adults. Research conducted by Joel W. Grube and Lawrence Wallack suggests that awareness of TV beer commercials leads to favorable beliefs about drinking in children 10 to 12 years old and increases their intention to drink as adults. Henry Saffer compared motor-vehicle deaths with quarterly measures for broadcast advertising in 75 media markets over a three-year period. He concluded that a ban on broadcast alcohol advertising would save 2,000 to 3,000 people annually from death due to alcohol-related motor-vehicle crashes.

Source Citation:

Leiber, Laurie. “Alcoholic Beverage Advertising Should Be Restricted.” Contemporary Issues Companion: Teen Alcoholism. Ed. Laura K. Egendorf. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2001. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. CCLA, Hillsborough Comm College. 13 Apr. 2010 .

Passage 2. Con: Alcohol Ads Do Not Promote Underage Drinking

Never mind that our drinking laws are absurd. An 18-year-old is presumably mature enough to sign contracts, get married, have an abortion, go to war and decide who is going to run the country. But she or he is three years away from coping with the weighty implications of consuming a can of beer. Nor can a person of age 20, according to the Boies team, possibly resist the allure of a movie star enjoying a brew in a PG-13 film. In the end, how does a brewer or distiller, or a jury for that matter, distinguish an ad that would be suitable for a 21-year-old from an ad that might be construed as impermissibly “targeted” at a 20-year-old?

However serious the problem of underage consumption of beer and liquor, there are countervailing values that are implicated when speech restrictions are proposed.

The choice between preserving core 1st Amendment values and regulating ads for alcoholic beverages is a particularly easy one when there is little evidence of any connection between those ads and underage drinking. We need not sacrifice commercial free speech to reduce alcohol consumption by minors. Nor should we sit back and allow the trial lawyers to add one more notch to their expanding tobacco belt. Their message is simple: The doctrine of personal accountability is out the window. In its place is the insidious notion that you can engage in risky behavior, then force someone else to pay for your mistakes. That message is far more pernicious than any beer or liquor commercial.

Source Citation:

Robert A. Levy. “Alcohol Ads Do Not Promote Underage Drinking.” Opposing Viewpoints: Teen Drug Abuse. Ed. Pamela Willwerth Aue. Detroit: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center. Gale. CCLA, Hillsborough Comm College. 14 Apr. 2010 .

Essays will be evaluated on the following criteria:

IDEAS–focus on topic; effective support; explains & discusses main points
ORGANIZATION–underlying plan to guide reader; progresses logically
WORDING / DICTION–clear, straight-forward, lacks wordiness & inappropriate expressions
SENTENCES–clear & well constructed; avoids fragments & run-ons; variety in structure & length
GRAMMAR–reflects standard written English; spelling & punctuation do not interfere with meaning
MEETS OBJECTIVE–follows written assignment directions




Solution Preview

Advertising has a pervasive effect or influence on both children as well as adolescents. In every year, there are more than 40 000ads viewed by young people on television alone. Currently, young people are exposed to adverts on the internet, magazines as well as in schools. Advertisers are increasingly targeting the younger generation to establish brand-name preference at the youngest age possible.

(617 words)

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